Donnerstag, 9. September 2010
A cross is one of the oldest and most famous symbols which are used by several religions, especially by Christianity. However the cross also symbolizes executing tool used in antiquity by Babylonians, Phoenicians or Persians from whom Romans took it over (Egyptians and Greeks didn´t use it).
In Roman Empire it was used for an execution of evildoers – slaves, politic troublemakers and those, who were not Roman citizens. The cross could have various shapes; except traditional shape…, it could be similar to the letters T or X. In reference to the execution of Jesus Christ on the cross, it became a typical sign of Christianity from the 5th or 6th century.